National income means the value of goods and services produced by a country during a financial year.Thus, it is the net result of all economic activities of any country during a period of one year and is valued in terms of money.National income is an uncertain term and is often used interchangeably with the national dividend, national output, and national expenditure.

I = Investment National Income what we normally hear about is National Income at factor Cost. Wheat : 75 million tons Candidates should go through these terms and familiarise themselves with the concepts and also understand the implications of these terms.

To grow at a faster rate, a nation needs high levels of capital formation, so that it can grow its aggregate income as well as per capital income. It refers to net additions of capital stock such as equipment, buildings and other intermediate goods. To calculate personal income, transfer payments to individuals are added to national income, while social security contributions, corporate tax and undistributed profits are subtracted. C = Consumption Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Civil Service Exam by visiting the IAS Syllabus page.

To understand this concept we have to know first what factor cost is.

The growth rate in per capita income has steadily increased in the last five years. It is the value of GNP after deducting depreciation of plant and machinery. Illegal activities like smuggling and unreported income due to tax evasion and corruption are outside the GDP estimates. It is the income of individuals at their disposal after paying direct tax liabilities. +Undistributed profits of Corporate), Disposable = Personal Income – National Income = C + I + G + (X – M) Where, C = Total Consumption Expenditure I = Total Investment Expenditure G = Total Government Expenditure X = Export, M = Import.

(CSE 2013) The national income of a country for a given period is equal to the __?

Anil Kapoor goes to America, get 5 million dollar$ to play baddie in Mission Impossible 4, but sends that money to India = counted in India’s GNP. These are important concepts in the economy section of the UPSC Syllabus. 1. 20 per kg.

1 excise and Re.

It is the value of total goods & services produced in an economy over a given period of time. This keeps the GDP estimates at lower level than the actual. Many questions have been asked in the past from these areas. The expenditure method to measure national income can be understood by the equation given below: where Y = GDP at MP, C = Private Sector’s Expenditure on final consumer goods, G = Govt’s expenditure on final consumer goods, I = Investment or Capital Formation, X = Exports, I = Imports, X-M = Net Exports, Any of these methods can be used in any of the sectors – the choice of the method depends on the convenience of using that method in a particular sector. It can be measured by Gross National Product (GNP), Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Gross National Income (GNI). For example, what all factors contribute to the GDP, etc.

Where X is the export and M is India ranks third when GDP is compared in terms of purchasing power parity at .33 trillion.

According to the National Income Committee Report (1954), National Income of India was ₹ 8710 crore and Per Capita Income was ₹ 225 in 1948 – 49.

It also deals with various social statistics, training, international cooperation, industrial classification etc. Various national income aggregates are estimated either at factor cost or at market price.

This is sugar’s market cost. Value-added = Value of Output – Value of (non-factor) inputs. The value added . The lecture is aided with diagrammatic illustrations in order for the point to be well-understood.

National Income Notes These are important concepts in the economy section of the UPSC Syllabus.

It is the value of total goods & services produced in an economy over a given period of time.

(d). a) Total value of goods and services produced by the nationals So, these terms should be studied thoroughly. In GFCF, the term gross signifies that adjustments due to depreciation of capital stock (e.g., machinery) are not made. When sugar came out of the factory it was charged with Re. This is the economy which deals with the environmental risks and ecological scarcity and also an economy that aims for sustainable development without degrading the environment. | Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management | GS-III | Study Materials | Mains | NATIONAL INCOME, National Income = C + I + G + (X – M)