For those who aren’t familiar with this period, the Tongzhi Restoration was a response to China’s defeat in the Second Opium War (also called the Arrow War), when a new Manchu emperor who ruled as Tongzhi took the throne in 1861. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie.

The disastrous events of the preceding Xianfeng Empire was the wake up call needed to rethink the foreign relations with the West, as well as the quelling any domestic disputes and rebellions. If you’re looking to impress a visitor to your home, few things are more impactful than a wine cellar. Tongzhi was immers net meerderjarig geworden. Tongzhi stierf op 19-jarige leeftijd aan de pokken.

A program was also undertaken to manufacture Western arms, although the effort to adopt foreign technology was only superficially successful because the study of the Confucian Classics, not Western science, remained the only sure path to official advancement. Tongzhi Emperor was born on April 27, 1856 in Beijing, present China. Tongzhi 1862-1874. Has Kweichow Moutai SOULED OUT? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Tongzhi Emperor (Wade-Giles: Tung-chih Emperor; 27 April 185612 January 1875), born Zaichun (Wade-Giles: Tsai-chun) of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan, was the tenth emperor of the Qing Dynasty, and the eighth Qing emperor to rule over China.His reign, from 1861 to 1875, which effectively lasted through his adolescence, was largely overshadowed by the rule of his mother Empress Dowager Cixi. Ascending … Zij was de laatste keizerlijke bijvrouw die in een mausoleum werd begraven.

By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ook wordt er gezegd dat Tongzhi aan een seksueel overdraagbare ziekte zou zijn overleden. Ascending the throne at the age of five (six by Chinese reckoning), the young ruler assumed the reign title of Tongzhi (“Union for Order”). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).

Keizerlijke gemalin Rong Hui (1856 - 1933) kwam van de stam Silam Gioro.

Omissions? Keizerlijke gemalin Jing Yi (1856 - 1932) kwam van de Mantsjoestam Heseri. Het huwelijk met haar werd geregeld om de relatie tussen de twee families te verbeteren.



This was especially true of the monochrome pieces which ended up glazes that were too thick. Tongzhi died in 1874 at the age of 18, with no heirs to his name. The porcelain produced during the Tongzhi/Cixi Era can be considered as the revival of the Kangxi period. Description: Each side of the vessel is finely enameled with a large taotie mask surrounded by geometric patterns, all set between bands of kuifeng. Plans to modernise the rail roads and the military equipment were hindered by her reluctance to abandon the agricultural economy which the Empire was built upon, in favour of industrialisation, which was occurring in parts of Europe. Er wordt gezegd dat de keuze voor een keizerin voor ruzie zorgde in zijn harem: Tongzhi's biologische moeder Cixi wilde dat een meisje van de Mantsjoestam Fucha zijn keizerin zou worden. The system of civil-service examinations was once again held in areas that had long been under rebel control. The official reason for his death was claimed to be smallpox but it was widely rumoured that he actually died of syphilis due to his alleged affairs with prostitutes outside the court.

Hij werd opgevolgd door zijn neefje Guangxu. The world’s largest public square is found in China. Ook kon er gebouwd worden aan een nieuw zomerpaleis (het oude was vernietigd tijdens de tweede opiumoorlog door de westerse mogendheden). Keizerlijke gemalin Zhuang He (1857 - 1921) kwam van de Mongoolse stam Alute. V.I.P Jiu 8 – The Imperial Craft Baijiu – Review, Chinese Antique Valuations – Fakes & Forgeries, Sell Chinese Antiques – Chinese Antique Buyers. Description: Modelled in dhyanasana with hands in abhayamudra, wearing flowing robes, an elaborate necklace over the plain chest, earrings and a tall.

Most of his first 11 years were spent in study, during which time much happened in China.

The revival can be partly attributed to the great interest in Chinese porcelain from the west, particularly the United States.

Tongzhi had little influence on political or official affairs of the court, Cixi was the one who orchestrated the “Tongzhi Restoration” which was the name of the plans to reform and modernize the ailing nation. Hierdoor zou de moeder-zoonrelatie tussen Tongzhi en Cixi verslechterd zijn.

However, her traditional values and old-fashioned mindset took over.

The government also made an effort to revive agricultural production by distributing seeds and tools and helping to develop new land. Although the white and blue pieces were pretty good, these factors meant that these revival period pieces never matched up with the quality of the authentic Kangxi pieces. In 1872 werd Tongzhi meerderjarig en werd het tijd voor hem om te trouwen. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 24 okt 2020 om 14:46. The government concluded a détente with the Western powers with the treaties of Tianjin (1858) and Beijing (1860).